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Joshua and the Angel
THE steady advancement made by the builders of the temple greatly discomfited and alarmed
the hosts of evil. Satan determined to put forth still further effort to weaken and
discourage God's people by holding before them their imperfections of character. If those
who had long suffered because of transgression could again be induced to disregard God's
commandments, they would be brought once more under the bondage of sin.
Because Israel had been chosen to preserve the knowledge of God in the earth, they had
ever been the special objects of Satan's enmity; he was determined to cause their
destruction. While they were obedient, he could do them no harm; therefore he had bent all
his power and cunning to entice them into sin. Ensnared by his temptations, they had
transgressed the law of God and had been left to become the prey of their enemies.
Yet though they were carried as captives to Babylon, God did not forsake them. He sent His
prophets to them with reproofs and warnings, and aroused them to see their guilt. When they humbled themselves
before God and returned to Him with true repentance, He sent them messages of
encouragement, declaring that He would deliver them from captivity, restore them to His
favor, and once more establish them in their own land. And now that this work of
restoration had begun, and a remnant of Israel had already returned to Judea, Satan was
determined to frustrate the carrying out of the divine purpose, and to this end he was
seeking to move upon the heathen nations to destroy them utterly.
But in this crisis the Lord strengthened His people "with good words and comfortable
words." Zechariah 1:13. Through an impressive illustration of the work of Satan and
the work of Christ, He showed the power of their Mediator to vanquish the accuser of His
In vision the prophet beholds "Joshua the high priest," "clothed with
filthy garments" (Zechariah 3:1, 3), standing before the Angel of the Lord,
entreating God's mercy in behalf of his afflicted people. As he pleads for the fulfillment
of God's promises, Satan stands up boldly to resist him. He points to the transgressions
of Israel as a reason why they should not be restored to the favor of God. He claims them
as his prey, and demands that they be given into his hands.
The high priest cannot defend himself or his people from Satan's accusations. He does not
claim that Israel is free from fault. In filthy garments, symbolizing the sins of the
people, which he bears as their representative, he stands before the Angel, confessing
their guilt, yet pointing to their repentance and humiliation, and relying upon the mercy of a sin-pardoning Redeemer. In
faith he claims the promises of God.
Then the Angel, who is Christ Himself, the Saviour of sinners, puts to silence the accuser
of His people, declaring, "The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan; even the Lord that hath
chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire?" Verse 2.
Long had Israel remained in the furnace of affliction. Because of their sins they had been
well-nigh consumed in the flame kindled by Satan and his agents for their destruction, but
God had now set His hand to bring them forth.
As the intercession of Joshua is accepted, the command is given, "Take away the
filthy garments from him;" and to Joshua the Angel says, "Behold, I have caused
thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with change of raiment."
"So they set a fair miter upon his head, and clothed him with garments." Verses
4, 5. His own sins and those of his people were pardoned. Israel was clothed with
"change of raiment"--the righteousness of Christ imputed to them. The miter be
placed upon Joshua's head was such as was worn by the priests, and bore the inscription,
"Holiness to the Lord" (Exodus 28:36), signifying that notwithstanding his
former transgressions, he was now qualified to minister before God in His sanctuary.
The Angel now declared to Joshua: "Thus saith the Lord of hosts; If thou wilt walk in
My ways, and if thou wilt keep My charge, then thou shalt also judge My house, and shalt
also keep My courts, and I will give thee places to walk among these that stand by." Zechariah 3:7. If obedient, he should be honored
as the judge, or ruler, over the temple and all its services; he should walk among
attending angels, even in this life; and at last he should join the glorified throng
around the throne of God.
"Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee: for
they are men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth My Servant the Branch."
Verse 8. In the Branch, the Deliverer to come, lay the hope of Israel. It was by faith in
the coming Saviour that Joshua and his people had received pardon. Through faith in Christ
they had been restored to God's favor. By virtue of His merits, if they walked in His ways
and kept His statutes, they would be "men wondered at," honored as the chosen of
Heaven among the nations of the earth.
As Satan accused Joshua and his people, so in all ages he accuses those who seek the mercy
and favor of God. He is "the accuser of our brethren, . . . which accused them before
our God day and night." Revelation 12:10. Over every soul that is rescued from the
power of evil, and whose name is registered in the Lamb's book of life, the controversy is
repeated. Never is one received into the family of God without exciting the determined
resistance of the enemy. But He who was the hope of Israel then, their defense, their
justification and redemption, is the hope of the church today.
Satan's accusations against those who seek the Lord are not prompted by displeasure at
their sins. He exults in their defective characters; for he knows that only through their
transgression of God's law can he obtain power over them.
His accusations arise solely from his enmity to Christ. Through the plan of salvation,
Jesus is breaking Satan's hold upon the human family and rescuing souls from his power.
All the hatred and malignity of the archrebel is stirred as he beholds the evidences of
Christ's supremacy; and with fiendish power and cunning he works to wrest from Him the
children of men who have accepted salvation. He leads men into skepticism, causing them to
lose confidence in God and to separate from His love; he tempts them to break the law and
then claims them as his captives, contesting Christ's right to take them from him.
Satan knows that those who ask God for pardon and grace will obtain it; therefore he
presents their sins before them to discourage them. Against those who are trying to obey
God, he is constantly seeking occasion for complaint. Even their best and most acceptable
service he seeks to make appear corrupt. By countless devices, the most subtle and the
most cruel, he endeavors to secure their condemnation.
In his own strength, man cannot meet the charges of the enemy. In sin-stained garments,
confessing his guilt, he stands before God. But Jesus, our Advocate, presents an effectual
plea in behalf of all who by repentance and faith have committed the keeping of their
souls to Him. He pleads their cause, and by the mighty arguments of Calvary, vanquishes
their accuser. His perfect obedience to God's law has given Him all power in heaven and in
earth, and He claims from His Father mercy and reconciliation for guilty man. To the
accuser of His people He declares: "The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan. These are the purchase of My blood, brands plucked
from the burning." And to those who rely on Him in faith, He gives the assurance,
"Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with
change of raiment." Zechariah 3:4.
All who have put on the robe of Christ's righteousness will stand before Him as chosen and
faithful and true. Satan has no power to pluck them out of the hand of the Saviour. Not
one soul who in penitence and faith has claimed His protection will Christ permit to pass
under the enemy's power. His word is pledged: "Let him take hold of My strength, that
he may make peace with Me; and he shall make peace with Me." Isaiah 27:5. The promise
given to Joshua is given to all: "If thou wilt keep My charge,. . . I will give thee
places to walk among these that stand by." Zechariah 3:7. Angels of God will walk on
either side of them, even in this world, and they will stand at last among the angels that
surround the throne of God.
Zechariah's vision of Joshua and the Angel applies with peculiar force to the experience
of God's people in the closing scenes of the great day of atonement. The remnant church
will then be brought into great trial and distress. Those who keep the commandments of God
and the faith of Jesus will feel the ire of the dragon and his hosts. Satan numbers the
world as his subjects; he has gained control even of many professing Christians. But here
is a little company who are resisting his supremacy. If he could blot them from the earth,
his triumph would be complete. As he influenced the heathen nations to destroy Israel, so in the near future he will stir up the wicked
powers of earth to destroy the people of God. Men will be required to render obedience to
human edicts in violation of the divine law.
Those who are true to God will be menaced, denounced, proscribed. They will be
"betrayed both by parents, and brethren, and kinsfolks, and friends," even unto
death. Luke 21:16. Their only hope is in the mercy of God; their only defense will be
prayer. As Joshua pleaded before the Angel, so the remnant church, with brokenness of
heart and unfaltering faith, will plead for pardon and deliverance through Jesus, their
Advocate. They are fully conscious of the sinfulness of their lives, they see their
weakness and unworthiness; and they are ready to despair.
The tempter stands by to accuse them, as he stood by to resist Joshua. He points to their
filthy garments, their defective characters. He presents their weakness and folly, their
sins of ingratitude, their unlikeness to Christ, which has dishonored their Redeemer. He
endeavors to affright them with the thought that their case is hopeless, that the stain of
their defilement will never be washed away. He hopes so to destroy their faith that they
will yield to his temptations, and turn from their allegiance to God.
Satan has an accurate knowledge of the sins that he has tempted God's people to commit,
and he urges his accusations against them, declaring, that by their sins they have
forfeited divine protection, and claiming that he has the right to destroy them. He
pronounces them just as deserving as himself of exclusion from the favor of God. "Are
these," he says, "the people who are to take my place in heaven, and the place
of the angels who united with me? They profess to obey the law of God; but have they kept
its precepts? Have they not been lovers of self more than lovers of God? Have they not
placed their own interests above His service? Have they not loved the things of the world?
Look at the sins that have marked their lives. Behold their selfishness, their malice,
their hatred of one another. Will God banish me and my angels from His presence, and yet
reward those who have been guilty of the same sins? Thou canst not do this, O Lord, in
justice. Justice demands that sentence be pronounced against them."
But while the followers of Christ have sinned, they have not given themselves up to be
controlled by the satanic agencies. They have repented of their sins and have sought the
Lord in humility and contrition, and the divine Advocate pleads in their behalf. He who
has been most abused by their ingratitude, who knows their sin and also their penitence,
declares: "The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan. I gave My life for these souls. They are
graven upon the palms of My hands. They may have imperfections of character; they may have
failed in their endeavors; but they have repented, and I have forgiven and accepted
The assaults of Satan are strong, his delusions are subtle; but the Lord's eye is upon His
people. Their affliction is great, the flames of the furnace seem about to consume them;
but Jesus will bring them forth as gold tried in the fire. Their earthliness will be
removed, that through them the image of Christ may be perfectly revealed.
At times the Lord may seem to have forgotten the perils of His church and the injury done
her by her enemies. But God has not forgotten. Nothing in this world is so dear to the
heart of God as His church. It is not His will that worldly policy shall corrupt her
record. He does not leave His people to be overcome by Satan's temptations. He will punish
those who misrepresent Him, but He will be gracious to all who sincerely repent. To those
who call upon Him for strength for the development of Christian character, He will give
all needed help.
In the time of the end the people of God will sigh and cry for the abominations done in
the land. With tears they will warn the wicked of their danger in trampling upon the
divine law, and with unutterable sorrow they will humble themselves before the Lord in
penitence. The wicked will mock their sorrow and ridicule their solemn appeals. But the
anguish and humiliation of God's people is unmistakable evidence that they are regaining
the strength and nobility of character lost in consequence of sin. It is because they are
drawing nearer to Christ, because their eyes are fixed on His perfect purity, that they
discern so clearly the exceeding sinfulness of sin. Meekness and lowliness are the
conditions of success and victory. A crown of glory awaits those who bow at the foot of
God's faithful, praying ones are, as it were, shut in with Him. They themselves know not
how securely they are shielded. Urged on by Satan, the rulers of this world are seeking to
destroy them; but could the eyes of God's children be opened as were the eyes of Elisha's
Dothan, they would see angels of God encamped about them, holding in check the hosts of
As the people of God afflict their souls before Him, pleading for purity of heart, the
command is given, "Take away the filthy garments," and the encouraging words are
spoken, "Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe
thee with change of raiment." Zechariah 3:4. The spotless robe of Christ's
righteousness is placed upon the tried, tempted, faithful children of God. The despised
remnant are clothed in glorious apparel, nevermore to be defiled by the corruptions of the
world. Their names are retained in the Lamb's book of life, enrolled among the faithful of
all ages. They have resisted the wiles of the deceiver; they have not been turned from
their loyalty by the dragon's roar. Now they are eternally secure from the tempter's
devices. Their sins are transferred to the originator of sin. A "fair miter" is
set upon their heads.
While Satan has been urging his accusations, holy angels, unseen, have been passing to and
fro, placing upon the faithful ones the seal of the living God. These are they that stand
upon Mount Zion with the Lamb, having the Father's name written in their foreheads. They
sing the new song before the throne, that song which no man can learn save the hundred and
forty and four thousand which were redeemed from the earth. "These are they which
follow the Lamb whithersoever He goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the
first fruits unto God and to the Lamb. And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are
without fault before the throne of God." Revelation 14:4, 5.
Now is reached the complete fulfillment of the words of the Angel: "Hear now, O
Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee: for they are men
wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth My Servant the Branch." Zechariah 3:8.
Christ is revealed as the Redeemer and Deliverer of His people. Now indeed are the remnant
"men wondered at," as the tears and humiliation of their pilgrimage give place
to joy and honor in the presence of God and the Lamb. "In that day shall the branch
of the Lord be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and
comely for them that are escaped of Israel. And it shall come to pass, that he that is
left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even everyone that
is written among the living in Jerusalem." Isaiah 4:2, 3.
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