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"AND when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified
"That He might sanctify the people with His own blood," Christ "suffered
without the gate." Heb. 13:12. For transgression of the law of God, Adam and Eve were
banished from Eden. Christ, our substitute, was to suffer without the boundaries of
Jerusalem. He died outside the gate, where felons and murderers were executed. Full of
significance are the words, "Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being
made a curse for us." Gal. 3:13.
A vast multitude followed Jesus from the judgment hall to Calvary. The news of His
condemnation had spread throughout Jerusalem, and people of all classes and all ranks
flocked toward the place of crucifixion. The priests and rulers had been bound by a
promise not to molest Christ's followers if He Himself were delivered to them, and the
disciples and believers from the city and the surrounding region joined the throng that
followed the Saviour.
As Jesus passed the gate of Pilate's court, the cross which had been prepared for Barabbas
was laid upon His bruised and bleeding shoulders. Two companions of Barabbas were to
suffer death at the same time with Jesus, and upon them also crosses were placed. The
was too heavy for Him in His weak and suffering condition. Since the Passover supper with
His disciples, He had taken neither food nor drink. He had agonized in the garden of
Gethsemane in conflict with satanic agencies. He had endured the anguish of the betrayal,
and had seen His disciples forsake Him and flee. He had been taken to Annas, then to
Caiaphas, and then to Pilate. From Pilate He had been sent to Herod, then sent again to
Pilate. From insult to renewed insult, from mockery to mockery, twice tortured by the
scourge,--all that night there had been scene after scene of a character to try the soul
of man to the uttermost. Christ had not failed. He had spoken no word but that tended to
glorify God. All through the disgraceful farce of a trial He had borne Himself with
firmness and dignity. But when after the second scourging the cross was laid upon Him,
human nature could bear no more. He fell fainting beneath the burden.
The crowd that followed the Saviour saw His weak and staggering steps, but they manifested
no compassion. They taunted and reviled Him because He could not carry the heavy cross.
Again the burden was laid upon Him, and again He fell fainting to the ground. His
persecutors saw that it was impossible for Him to carry His burden farther. They were
puzzled to find anyone who would bear the humiliating load. The Jews themselves could not
do this, because the defilement would prevent them from keeping the Passover. None even of
the mob that followed Him would stoop to bear the cross.
At this time a stranger, Simon a Cyrenian, coming in from the country, meets the throng.
He hears the taunts and ribaldry of the crowd; he hears the words contemptuously repeated,
Make way for the King of the Jews! He stops in astonishment at the scene; and as he
expresses his compassion, they seize him and place the cross upon his shoulders.
Simon had heard of Jesus. His sons were believers in the Saviour, but he himself was not a
disciple. The bearing of the cross to Calvary was a blessing to Simon, and he was ever
after grateful for this providence. It led him to take upon himself the cross of Christ
from choice, and ever cheerfully stand beneath its burden.
Not a few women are in the crowd that follow the Uncondemned to His cruel death. Their
attention is fixed upon Jesus. Some of them have seen Him before. Some have carried to Him
their sick and suffering ones. Some have themselves been healed. The story of the scenes
that have taken place is related. They wonder at the hatred of the crowd toward Him for
whom their own hearts are melting and ready to break. And notwithstanding the action of the maddened throng, and the angry words of the priests
and rulers, these women give expression to their sympathy. As Jesus falls fainting beneath
the cross, they break forth into mournful wailing.
This was the only thing that attracted Christ's attention. Although full of suffering,
while bearing the sins of the world, He was not indifferent to the expression of grief. He
looked upon these women with tender compassion. They were not believers in Him; He knew
that they were not lamenting Him as one sent from God, but were moved by feelings of human
pity. He did not despise their sympathy, but it awakened in His heart a deeper sympathy
for them. "Daughters of Jerusalem," He said, "weep not for Me, but weep for
yourselves, and for your children." From the scene before Him, Christ looked forward
to the time of Jerusalem's destruction. In that terrible scene, many of those who were now
weeping for Him were to perish with their children.
From the fall of Jerusalem the thoughts of Jesus passed to a wider judgment. In the
destruction of the impenitent city He saw a symbol of the final destruction to come upon
the world. He said, "Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and
to the hills, Cover us. For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in
the dry?" By the green tree, Jesus represented Himself, the innocent Redeemer. God
suffered His wrath against transgression to fall on His beloved Son. Jesus was to be
crucified for the sins of men. What suffering, then, would the sinner bear who continued
in sin? All the impenitent and unbelieving would know a sorrow and misery that language
would fail to express.
Of the multitude that followed the Saviour to Calvary, many had attended Him with joyful
hosannas and the waving of palm branches as He rode triumphantly into Jerusalem. But not a
few who had then shouted His praise, because it was popular to do so, now swelled the cry
of "Crucify Him, crucify Him." When Christ rode into Jerusalem, the hopes of the
disciples had been raised to the highest pitch. They had pressed close about their Master,
feeling that it was a high honor to be connected with Him. Now in His humiliation they
followed Him at a distance. They were filled with grief, and bowed down with disappointed
hopes. How were the words of Jesus verified: "All ye shall be offended because of Me
this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall
be scattered abroad." Matt. 26:31.
Arriving at the place of execution, the prisoners were bound to the instruments of
torture. The two thieves wrestled in the hands of those who placed them on the cross; but
Jesus made no resistance. The mother of Jesus, supported by John the beloved disciple, had
followed the steps of her Son to Calvary. She had seen Him fainting under the burden of
the cross, and had longed to place a supporting hand beneath His wounded head, and to
bathe that brow which had once been pillowed upon her bosom. But she was not permitted
this mournful privilege. With the disciples she still cherished the hope that Jesus would
manifest His power, and deliver Himself from His enemies. Again her heart would sink as
she recalled the words in which He had foretold the very scenes that were then taking
place. As the thieves were bound to the cross, she looked on with agonizing suspense.
Would He who had given life to the dead suffer Himself to be crucified? Would the Son of
God suffer Himself to be thus cruelly slain? Must she give up her faith that Jesus was the
Messiah? Must she witness His shame and sorrow, without even the privilege of ministering
to Him in His distress? She saw His hands stretched upon the cross; the hammer and the
nails were brought, and as the spikes were driven through the tender flesh, the
heart-stricken disciples bore away from the cruel scene the fainting form of the mother of
The Saviour made no murmur of complaint. His face remained calm and serene, but great
drops of sweat stood upon His brow. There was no pitying hand to wipe the death dew from
His face, nor words of sympathy and unchanging fidelity to stay His human heart. While the
soldiers were doing their fearful work, Jesus prayed for His enemies, "Father,
forgive them; for they know not what they do." His mind passed from His own suffering
to the sin of His persecutors, and the terrible retribution that would be theirs. No
curses were called down upon the soldiers who were handling Him so roughly. No vengeance
was invoked upon the priests and rulers, who were gloating over the accomplishment of
their purpose. Christ pitied them in their ignorance and guilt. He breathed only a plea
for their forgiveness,--"for they know not what they do."
Had they known that they were putting to torture One who had come to save the sinful race
from eternal ruin, they would have been seized with remorse and horror. But their
ignorance did not remove their guilt; for it was their privilege to know and accept Jesus
Saviour. Some of them would yet see their sin, and repent, and be converted. Some by their
impenitence would make it an impossibility for the prayer of Christ to be answered for
them. Yet, just the same, God's purpose was reaching its fulfillment. Jesus was earning
the right to become the advocate of men in the Father's presence.
That prayer of Christ for His enemies embraced the world. It took in every sinner that had
lived or should live, from the beginning of the world to the end of time. Upon all rests
the guilt of crucifying the Son of God. To all, forgiveness is freely offered.
"Whosoever will" may have peace with God, and inherit eternal life.
As soon as Jesus was nailed to the cross, it was lifted by strong men, and with great
violence thrust into the place prepared for it. This caused the most intense agony to the
Son of God. Pilate then wrote an inscription in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, and placed it
upon the cross, above the head of Jesus. It read, "Jesus of Nazareth the King of the
Jews." This inscription irritated the Jews. In Pilate's court they had cried,
"Crucify Him." "We have no king but Caesar." John 19:15. They had
declared that whoever should acknowledge any other king was a traitor. Pilate wrote out
the sentiment they had expressed. No offense was mentioned, except that Jesus was the King
of the Jews. The inscription was a virtual acknowledgment of the allegiance of the Jews to
the Roman power. It declared that whoever might claim to be the King of Israel would be
judged by them worthy of death. The priests had overreached themselves. When they were
plotting the death of Christ, Caiaphas had declared it expedient that one man should die
to save the nation. Now their hypocrisy was revealed. In order to destroy Christ, they had
been ready to sacrifice even their national existence.
The priests saw what they had done, and asked Pilate to change the inscription. They said,
"Write not, The King of the Jews; but that He said, I am King of the Jews." But
Pilate was angry with himself because of his former weakness, and he thoroughly despised
the jealous and artful priests and rulers. He replied coldly, "What I have written I
A higher power than Pilate or the Jews had directed the placing of that inscription above
the head of Jesus. In the providence of God it was to awaken thought, and investigation of
the Scriptures. The place where Christ was crucified was near to the city. Thousands of
people from all lands were then at Jerusalem, and the inscription declaring Jesus of
Nazareth the Messiah would come to their notice. It was a living truth, transcribed by a
hand that God had guided.
In the sufferings of Christ upon the cross prophecy was fulfilled. Centuries before the
crucifixion, the Saviour had foretold the treatment He was to receive. He said, "Dogs
have compassed Me: the assembly of the wicked have enclosed Me: they pierced My hands and
My feet. I may tell all My bones: they look and stare upon Me. They part My garments among
them, and cast lots upon My vesture." Ps. 22:16-18. The prophecy concerning His
garments was carried out without counsel or interference from the friends or the enemies
of the Crucified One. To the soldiers who had placed Him upon the cross, His clothing was
given. Christ heard the men's contention as they parted the garments among them. His tunic
was woven throughout without seam, and they said, "Let us not rend it, but cast lots
for it, whose it shall be."
In another prophecy the Saviour declared, "Reproach hath broken My heart; and I am
full of heaviness: and I looked for some to take pity, but there was none; and for
comforters, but I found none. They gave Me also gall for My meat; and in My thirst they
gave Me vinegar to drink." Ps. 69:20, 21. To those who suffered death by the cross,
it was permitted to give a stupefying potion, to deaden the sense of pain. This was
offered to Jesus; but when He had tasted it, He refused it. He would receive nothing that
could becloud His mind. His faith must keep fast hold upon God. This was His only
strength. To becloud His senses would give Satan an advantage.
The enemies of Jesus vented their rage upon Him as He hung upon the cross. Priests,
rulers, and scribes joined with the mob in mocking the dying Saviour. At the baptism and
at the transfiguration the voice of God had been heard proclaiming Christ as His Son.
Again, just before Christ's betrayal, the Father had spoken, witnessing to His divinity.
But now the voice from heaven was silent. No testimony in Christ's favor was heard. Alone
He suffered abuse and mockery from wicked men.
"If Thou be the Son of God," they said, "come down from the cross."
"Let Him save Himself, if He be Christ, the chosen of God." In the wilderness of
temptation Satan had declared, "If Thou be the Son of God, command that these stones
be made bread." "If Thou be the Son of God, cast Thyself down" from the
pinnacle of the temple. Matt. 4:3, 6. And Satan with his angels, in human form, was
present at the cross. The archfiend and his hosts were co-operating with the priests and rulers. The
teachers of the people had stimulated the ignorant mob to pronounce judgment against One
upon whom many of them had never looked, until urged to bear testimony against Him.
Priests, rulers, Pharisees, and the hardened rabble were confederated together in a
satanic frenzy. Religious rulers united with Satan and his angels. They were doing his
Jesus, suffering and dying, heard every word as the priests declared, "He saved
others; Himself He cannot save. Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross,
that we may see and believe." Christ could have come down from the cross. But it is
because He would not save Himself that the sinner has hope of pardon and favor with God.
In their mockery of the Saviour, the men who professed to be the expounders of prophecy
were repeating the very words which Inspiration had foretold they would utter upon this
occasion. Yet in their blindness they did not see that they were fulfilling the prophecy.
Those who in derision uttered the words, "He trusted in God; let Him deliver Him now,
if He will have Him: for He said, I am the Son of God," little thought that their
testimony would sound down the ages. But although spoken in mockery, these words led men
to search the Scriptures as they had never done before. Wise men heard, searched,
pondered, and prayed. There were those who never rested until, by comparing scripture with
scripture, they saw the meaning of Christ's mission. Never before was there such a general
knowledge of Jesus as when He hung upon the cross. Into the hearts of many who beheld the
crucifixion scene, and who heard Christ's words, the light of truth was shining.
To Jesus in His agony on the cross there came one gleam of comfort. It was the prayer of
the penitent thief. Both the men who were crucified with Jesus had at first railed upon
Him; and one under his suffering only became more desperate and defiant. But not so with
his companion. This man was not a hardened criminal; he had been led astray by evil
associations, but he was less guilty than many of those who stood beside the cross
reviling the Saviour. He had seen and heard Jesus, and had been convicted by His teaching,
but he had been turned away from Him by the priests and rulers. Seeking to stifle
conviction, he had plunged deeper and deeper into sin, until he was arrested, tried as a
criminal, and condemned to die on the cross. In the judgment hall and on the way to
Calvary he had been in company with Jesus. He had heard Pilate declare, "I find no
fault in Him." John 19:4. He had marked His godlike bearing, and His pitying forgiveness of His tormentors. On the cross he sees the
many great religionists shoot out the tongue with scorn, and ridicule the Lord Jesus. He
sees the wagging heads. He hears the upbraiding speeches taken up by his companion in
guilt: "If Thou be Christ, save Thyself and us." Among the passers-by he hears
many defending Jesus. He hears them repeat His words, and tell of His works. The
conviction comes back to him that this is the Christ. Turning to his fellow criminal he
says, "Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation?" The
dying thieves have no longer anything to fear from man. But upon one of them presses the
conviction that there is a God to fear, a future to cause him to tremble. And now, all
sin-polluted as it is, his life history is about to close. "And we indeed
justly," he moans; "for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this Man
hath done nothing amiss."
There is no question now. There are no doubts, no reproaches. When condemned for his
crime, the thief had become hopeless and despairing; but strange, tender thoughts now
spring up. He calls to mind all he has heard of Jesus, how He has healed the sick and
pardoned sin. He has heard the words of those who believed in Jesus and followed Him
weeping. He has seen and read the title above the Saviour's head. He has heard the
passers-by repeat it, some with grieved, quivering lips, others with jesting and mockery.
The Holy Spirit illuminates his mind, and little by little the chain of evidence is joined
together. In Jesus, bruised, mocked, and hanging upon the cross, he sees the Lamb of God,
that taketh away the sin of the world. Hope is mingled with anguish in his voice as the
helpless, dying soul casts himself upon a dying Saviour. "Lord, remember me," he
cries, "when Thou comest into Thy kingdom."
Quickly the answer came. Soft and melodious the tone, full of love, compassion, and power
the words: Verily I say unto thee today, Thou shalt be with Me in paradise.
For long hours of agony, reviling and mockery have fallen upon the ears of Jesus. As He
hangs upon the cross, there floats up to Him still the sound of jeers and curses. With
longing heart He has listened for some expression of faith from His disciples. He has
heard only the mournful words, "We trusted that it had been He which should have
redeemed Israel." How grateful then to the Saviour was the utterance of faith and
love from the dying thief! While the leading Jews deny Him, and even the disciples doubt
His divinity, the poor thief, upon the brink of eternity, calls Jesus Lord. Many were ready to call Him Lord when He wrought
miracles, and after He had risen from the grave; but none acknowledged Him as He hung
dying upon the cross save the penitent thief who was saved at the eleventh hour.
The bystanders caught the words as the thief called Jesus Lord. The tone of the repentant
man arrested their attention. Those who at the foot of the cross had been quarreling over
Christ's garments, and casting lots upon His vesture, stopped to listen. Their angry tones
were hushed. With bated breath they looked upon Christ, and waited for the response from
those dying lips.
As He spoke the words of promise, the dark cloud that seemed to enshroud the cross was
pierced by a bright and living light. To the penitent thief came the perfect peace of
acceptance with God. Christ in His humiliation was glorified. He who in all other eyes
appeared to be conquered was a Conqueror. He was acknowledged as the Sin Bearer. Men may
exercise power over His human body. They may pierce the holy temples with the crown of
thorns. They may strip from Him His raiment, and quarrel over its division. But they
cannot rob Him of His power to forgive sins. In dying He bears testimony to His own
divinity and to the glory of the Father. His ear is not heavy that it cannot hear, neither
His arm shortened that it cannot save. It is His royal right to save unto the uttermost
all who come unto God by Him.
I say unto thee today, Thou shalt be with Me in Paradise. Christ did not promise that the
thief should be with Him in Paradise that day. He Himself did not go that day to Paradise.
He slept in the tomb, and on the morning of the resurrection He said, "I am not yet
ascended to My Father." John 20:17. But on the day of the crucifixion, the day of
apparent defeat and darkness, the promise was given. "Today" while dying upon
the cross as a malefactor, Christ assures the poor sinner, Thou shalt be with Me in
The thieves crucified with Jesus were placed "on either side one, and Jesus in the
midst." This was done by the direction of the priests and rulers. Christ's position
between the thieves was to indicate that He was the greatest criminal of the three. Thus
was fulfilled the scripture, "He was numbered with the transgressors." Isa.
53:12. But the full meaning of their act the priests did not see. As Jesus, crucified with
the thieves, was placed "in the midst," so His cross was placed in the midst of
a world lying in sin. And the words of pardon spoken to the penitent thief kindled a light
that will shine to the earth's remotest bounds.
With amazement the angels beheld the infinite love of Jesus, who, suffering the most
intense agony of mind and body, thought only of others, and encouraged the penitent soul
to believe. In His humiliation He as a prophet had addressed the daughters of Jerusalem;
as priest and advocate He had pleaded with the Father to forgive His murderers; as a
loving Saviour He had forgiven the sins of the penitent thief.
As the eyes of Jesus wandered over the multitude about Him, one figure arrested His
attention. At the foot of the cross stood His mother, supported by the disciple John. She
could not endure to remain away from her Son; and John, knowing that the end was near, had
brought her again to the cross. In His dying hour, Christ remembered His mother. Looking
into her grief-stricken face and then upon John, He said to her, "Woman, behold thy
son!" then to John, "Behold thy mother!" John understood Christ's words,
and accepted the trust. He at once took Mary to his home, and from that hour cared for her
tenderly. O pitiful, loving Saviour; amid all His physical pain and mental anguish, He had
a thoughtful care for His mother! He had no money with which to provide for her comfort;
but He was enshrined in the heart of John, and He gave His mother to him as a precious
legacy. Thus He provided for her that which she most needed,--the tender sympathy of one
who loved her because she loved Jesus. And in receiving her as a sacred trust, John was
receiving a great blessing. She was a constant reminder of his beloved Master.
The perfect example of Christ's filial love shines forth with undimmed luster from the
mist of ages. For nearly thirty years Jesus by His daily toil had helped bear the burdens
of the home. And now, even in His last agony, He remembers to provide for His sorrowing,
widowed mother. The same spirit will be seen in every disciple of our Lord. Those who
follow Christ will feel that it is a part of their religion to respect and provide for
their parents. From the heart where His love is cherished, father and mother will never
fail of receiving thoughtful care and tender sympathy.
And now the Lord of glory was dying, a ransom for the race. In yielding up His precious
life, Christ was not upheld by triumphant joy. All was oppressive gloom. It was not the
dread of death that weighed upon Him. It was not the pain and ignominy of the cross that
caused His inexpressible agony. Christ was the prince of sufferers; but His suffering was
from a sense of the malignity of sin, a knowledge that
through familiarity with evil, man had become blinded to its enormity. Christ saw how deep
is the hold of sin upon the human heart, how few would be willing to break from its power.
He knew that without help from God, humanity must perish, and He saw multitudes perishing
within reach of abundant help.
Upon Christ as our substitute and surety was laid the iniquity of us all. He was counted a
transgressor, that He might redeem us from the condemnation of the law. The guilt of every
descendant of Adam was pressing upon His heart. The wrath of God against sin, the terrible
manifestation of His displeasure because of iniquity, filled the soul of His Son with
consternation. All His life Christ had been publishing to a fallen world the good news of
the Father's mercy and pardoning love. Salvation for the chief of sinners was His theme.
But now with the terrible weight of guilt He bears, He cannot see the Father's reconciling
face. The withdrawal of the divine countenance from the Saviour in this hour of supreme
anguish pierced His heart with a sorrow that can never be fully understood by man. So
great was this agony that His physical pain was hardly felt.
Satan with his fierce temptations wrung the heart of Jesus. The Saviour could not see
through the portals of the tomb. Hope did not present to Him His coming forth from the
grave a conqueror, or tell Him of the Father's acceptance of the sacrifice. He feared that
sin was so offensive to God that Their separation was to be eternal. Christ felt the
anguish which the sinner will feel when mercy shall no longer plead for the guilty race.
It was the sense of sin, bringing the Father's wrath upon Him as man's substitute, that
made the cup He drank so bitter, and broke the heart of the Son of God.
With amazement angels witnessed the Saviour's despairing agony. The hosts of heaven veiled
their faces from the fearful sight. Inanimate nature expressed sympathy with its insulted
and dying Author. The sun refused to look upon the awful scene. Its full, bright rays were
illuminating the earth at midday, when suddenly it seemed to be blotted out. Complete
darkness, like a funeral pall, enveloped the cross. "There was darkness over all the
land unto the ninth hour." There was no eclipse or other natural cause for this
darkness, which was as deep as midnight without moon or stars. It was a miraculous
testimony given by God that the faith of after generations might be confirmed.
In that thick darkness God's presence was hidden. He makes darkness His pavilion, and
conceals His glory from human eyes. God and
His holy angels were beside the cross. The Father was with His Son. Yet His presence was
not revealed. Had His glory flashed forth from the cloud, every human beholder would have
been destroyed. And in that dreadful hour Christ was not to be comforted with the Father's
presence. He trod the wine press alone, and of the people there was none with Him.
In the thick darkness, God veiled the last human agony of His Son. All who had seen Christ
in His suffering had been convicted of His divinity. That face, once beheld by humanity,
was never forgotten. As the face of Cain expressed his guilt as a murderer, so the face of
Christ revealed innocence, serenity, benevolence,--the image of God. But His accusers
would not give heed to the signet of heaven. Through long hours of agony Christ had been
gazed upon by the jeering multitude. Now He was mercifully hidden by the mantle of God.
The silence of the grave seemed to have fallen upon Calvary. A nameless terror held the
throng that was gathered about the cross. The cursing and reviling ceased in the midst of
half-uttered sentences. Men, women, and children fell prostrate upon the earth. Vivid
lightnings occasionally flashed forth from the cloud, and revealed the cross and the
crucified Redeemer. Priests, rulers, scribes, executioners, and the mob, all thought that
their time of retribution had come. After a while some whispered that Jesus would now come
down from the cross. Some attempted to grope their way back to the city, beating their
breasts and wailing in fear.
At the ninth hour the darkness lifted from the people, but still enveloped the Saviour. It
was a symbol of the agony and horror that weighed upon His heart. No eye could pierce the
gloom that surrounded the cross, and none could penetrate the deeper gloom that enshrouded
the suffering soul of Christ. The angry lightnings seemed to be hurled at Him as He hung
upon the cross. Then "Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama
sabachthani?" "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?" As the outer
gloom settled about the Saviour, many voices exclaimed: The vengeance of heaven is upon
Him. The bolts of God's wrath are hurled at Him, because He claimed to be the Son of God.
Many who believed on Him heard His despairing cry. Hope left them. If God had forsaken
Jesus, in what could His followers trust?
When the darkness lifted from the oppressed spirit of Christ, He revived to a sense of
physical suffering, and said, "I thirst." One of the
Roman soldiers, touched with pity as he looked at the parched lips, took a sponge on a
stalk of hyssop, and dipping it in a vessel of vinegar, offered it to Jesus. But the
priests mocked at His agony. When darkness covered the earth, they had been filled with
fear; as their terror abated, the dread returned that Jesus would yet escape them. His
words, "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?" they had misinterpreted. With bitter
contempt and scorn they said, "This man calleth for Elias." The last opportunity
to relieve His sufferings they refused. "Let be," they said, "let us see
whether Elias will come to save Him."
The spotless Son of God hung upon the cross, His flesh lacerated with stripes; those hands
so often reached out in blessing, nailed to the wooden bars; those feet so tireless on
ministries of love, spiked to the tree; that royal head pierced by the crown of thorns;
those quivering lips shaped to the cry of woe. And all that He endured--the blood drops
that flowed from His head, His hands, His feet, the agony that racked His frame, and the
unutterable anguish that filled His soul at the hiding of His Father's face--speaks to
each child of humanity, declaring, It is for thee that the Son of God consents to bear
this burden of guilt; for thee He spoils the domain of death, and opens the gates of
Paradise. He who stilled the angry waves and walked the foam-capped billows, who made
devils tremble and disease flee, who opened blind eyes and called forth the dead to
life,--offers Himself upon the cross as a sacrifice, and this from love to thee.
He, the Sin Bearer, endures the wrath of divine justice, and for thy sake becomes sin
In silence the beholders watched for the end of the fearful scene. The sun shone forth;
but the cross was still enveloped in darkness. Priests and rulers looked toward Jerusalem;
and lo, the dense cloud had settled over the city and the plains of Judea. The Sun of
Righteousness, the Light of the world, was withdrawing His beams from the once favored
city of Jerusalem. The fierce lightnings of God's wrath were directed against the fated
Suddenly the gloom lifted from the cross, and in clear, trumpetlike tones, that seemed to
resound throughout creation, Jesus cried, "It is finished." "Father, into
Thy hands I commend My spirit." A light encircled the cross, and the face of the
Saviour shone with a glory like the sun. He then bowed His head upon His breast, and died.
Amid the awful darkness, apparently forsaken of God, Christ had drained the last dregs in
the cup of human woe. In those dreadful hours He had relied upon the evidence of His
Father's acceptance heretofore given Him. He was acquainted with the character of His
Father; He understood His justice, His mercy, and His great love. By faith He rested in
Him whom it had ever been His joy to obey. And as in submission He committed Himself to
God, the sense of the loss of His Father's favor was withdrawn. By faith, Christ was
Never before had the earth witnessed such a scene. The multitude stood paralyzed, and with
bated breath gazed upon the Saviour. Again darkness settled upon the earth, and a hoarse
rumbling, like heavy thunder, was heard. There was a violent earthquake. The people were
shaken together in heaps. The wildest confusion and consternation ensued. In the
surrounding mountains, rocks were rent asunder, and went crashing down into the plains.
Sepulchers were broken open, and the dead were cast out of their tombs. Creation seemed to
be shivering to atoms. Priests, rulers, soldiers, executioners, and people, mute with
terror, lay prostrate upon the ground.
When the loud cry, "It is finished," came from the lips of Christ, the priests
were officiating in the temple. It was the hour of the evening sacrifice. The lamb
representing Christ had been brought to be slain. Clothed in his significant and beautiful
dress, the priest stood with lifted knife, as did Abraham when he was about to slay his
son. With intense interest the people were looking on. But the earth trembles and quakes;
for the Lord Himself draws near. With a rending noise the inner veil of the temple is torn
from top to bottom by an unseen hand, throwing open to the gaze of the multitude a place
once filled with the presence of God. In this place the Shekinah had dwelt. Here God had
manifested His glory above the mercy seat. No one but the high priest ever lifted the veil
separating this apartment from the rest of the temple. He entered in once a year to make
an atonement for the sins of the people. But lo, this veil is rent in twain. The most holy
place of the earthly sanctuary is no longer sacred.
All is terror and confusion. The priest is about to slay the victim; but the knife drops
from his nerveless hand, and the lamb escapes. Type has met antitype in the death of God's
Son. The great sacrifice has been made. The way into the holiest is laid open. A new and
living way is prepared for all. No longer need sinful, sorrowing humanity await the coming
of the high priest. Henceforth the Saviour was to officiate as priest and advocate in the
heaven of heavens. It was as if a living voice had spoken to the worshipers: There is now
an end to all sacrifices and offerings for sin. The Son of God is come according to His
word, "Lo, I come (in the volume of the Book it is written of Me,) to do Thy will, O
God." "By His own blood" He entereth "in once into the holy place,
having obtained eternal redemption for us." Heb. 10:7; 9:12.
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