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Lazarus, Come Forth
AMONG the most steadfast of Christ's disciples was Lazarus of Bethany. From their first
meeting his faith in Christ had been strong; his love for Him was deep, and he was greatly
beloved by the Saviour. It was for Lazarus that the greatest of Christ's miracles was
performed. The Saviour blessed all who sought His help; He loves all the human family, but
to some He is bound by peculiarly tender associations. His heart was knit by a strong bond
of affection to the family at Bethany, and for one of them His most wonderful work was
At the home of Lazarus, Jesus had often found rest. The Saviour had no home of His own; He
was dependent on the hospitality of His friends and disciples, and often, when weary,
thirsting for human fellowship, He had been glad to escape to this peaceful household,
away from the suspicion and jealousy of the angry Pharisees. Here He found a sincere
welcome, and pure, holy friendship. Here He could speak with simplicity and perfect
freedom, knowing that His words would be understood and treasured.
Our Saviour appreciated a quiet home and interested listeners. He longed for human
tenderness, courtesy, and affection. Those who received the heavenly instruction He was
always ready to impart were greatly blessed. As the multitudes followed Christ through the
fields, He unfolded to them the beauties of the natural world. He sought to open the eyes
of their understanding, that they might see how the hand of God upholds the world. In
order to call out an appreciation of God's goodness and benevolence, He called the
attention of His hearers to the gently falling dew, to the soft showers of rain and the
bright sunshine, given alike to good and evil. He desired men to realize more fully the
regard that God bestows on the human instrumentalities He has created. But the multitudes
were slow of hearing, and in the home at Bethany Christ found rest from the weary conflict
of public life. Here He opened to an appreciative audience the volume of Providence. In
these private interviews He unfolded to His hearers that which He did not attempt to tell
to the mixed multitude. He needed not to speak to His friends in parables.
As Christ gave His wonderful lessons, Mary sat at His feet, a reverent and devoted
listener. On one occasion, Martha, perplexed with the care of preparing the meal, went to
Christ, saying, "Lord, dost Thou not care that my sister hath left me to serve alone?
bid her therefore that she help me." This was the time of Christ's first visit to
Bethany. The Saviour and His disciples had just made the toilsome journey on foot from
Jericho. Martha was anxious to provide for their comfort, and in her anxiety she forgot
the courtesy due to her Guest. Jesus answered her with mild and patient words,
"Martha, Martha, thou art careful and troubled about many things: but one thing is
needful: and Mary hath chosen that good part, which shall not be taken away from
her." Mary was storing her mind with the precious words falling from the Saviour's
lips, words that were more precious to her than earth's most costly jewels.
The "one thing" that Martha needed was a calm, devotional spirit, a deeper
anxiety for knowledge concerning the future, immortal life, and the graces necessary for
spiritual advancement. She needed less anxiety for the things which pass away, and more
for those things which endure forever. Jesus would teach His children to seize every
opportunity of gaining that knowledge which will make them wise unto salvation. The cause
of Christ needs careful, energetic workers. There is a wide field for the Marthas, with
their zeal in active religious work. But let them first sit with Mary at the feet of
Jesus. Let diligence, promptness, and energy be sanctified by the grace of Christ; then
the life will be an unconquerable power for good.
Sorrow entered the peaceful home where Jesus had rested. Lazarus was stricken with sudden
illness, and his sisters sent to the Saviour,
saying, "Lord, behold, he whom Thou lovest is sick." They saw the violence of
the disease that had seized their brother, but they knew that Christ had shown Himself
able to heal all manner of diseases. They believed that He would sympathize with them in
their distress; therefore they made no urgent demand for His immediate presence, but sent
only the confiding message, "He whom Thou lovest is sick." They thought that He
would immediately respond to their message, and be with them as soon as He could reach
Anxiously they waited for a word from Jesus. As long as the spark of life was yet alive in
their brother, they prayed and watched for Jesus to come. But the messenger returned
without Him. Yet he brought the message, "This sickness is not unto death," and
they clung to the hope that Lazarus would live. Tenderly they tried to speak words of hope
and encouragement to the almost unconscious sufferer. When Lazarus died, they were
bitterly disappointed; but they felt the sustaining grace of Christ, and this kept them
from reflecting any blame on the Saviour.
When Christ heard the message, the disciples thought He received it coldly. He did not
manifest the sorrow they expected Him to show. Looking up to them, He said, "This
sickness is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God might be
glorified thereby." For two days He remained in the place where He was. This delay
was a mystery to the disciples. What a comfort His presence would be to the afflicted
household! they thought. His strong affection for the family at Bethany was well known to
the disciples, and they were surprised that He did not respond to the sad message,
"He whom Thou lovest is sick."
During the two days Christ seemed to have dismissed the message from His mind; for He did
not speak of Lazarus. The disciples thought of John the Baptist, the forerunner of Jesus.
They had wondered why Jesus, with the power to perform wonderful miracles, had permitted
John to languish in prison, and to die a violent death. Possessing such power, why did not
Christ save John's life? This question had often been asked by the Pharisees, who
presented it as an unanswerable argument against Christ's claim to be the Son of God. The
Saviour had warned His disciples of trials, losses, and persecution. Would He forsake them
in trial? Some questioned if they had mistaken His mission. All were deeply troubled.
After waiting for two days, Jesus said to the disciples, "Let us go into Judea
again." The disciples questioned why, if Jesus were going to Judea, He had waited two
days. But anxiety for Christ and for themselves
was now uppermost in their minds. They could see nothing but danger in the course He was
about to pursue. "Master," they said, "the Jews of late sought to stone
Thee; and goest Thou thither again? Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the
day?" I am under the guidance of My Father; as long as I do His will, My life is
safe. My twelve hours of day are not yet ended. I have entered upon the last remnant of My
day; but while any of this remains, I am safe.
"If any man walk in the day," He continued, "he stumbleth not, because he
seeth the light of this world." He who does the will of God, who walks in the path
that God has marked out, cannot stumble and fall. The light of God's guiding Spirit gives
him a clear perception of his duty, and leads him aright till the close of his work.
"But if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no light in
him." He who walks in a path of his own choosing, where God has not called him, will
stumble. For him day is turned into night, and wherever he may be, he is not secure.
"These things said He: and after that He saith unto them, Our friend Lazarus
sleepeth; but I go that I may awake him out of sleep." "Our friend Lazarus
sleepeth." How touching the words! how full of sympathy! In the thought of the peril
their Master was about to incur by going to Jerusalem, the disciples had almost forgotten
the bereaved family at Bethany. But not so Christ. The disciples felt rebuked. They had
been disappointed because Christ did not respond more promptly to the message. They had
been tempted to think that He had not the tender love for Lazarus and his sisters that
they had thought He had, or He would have hastened back with the messenger. But the words,
"Our friend Lazarus sleepeth," awakened right feelings in their minds. They were
convinced that Christ had not forgotten His suffering friends.
"Then said His disciples, Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well. Howbeit Jesus spake of
his death: but they thought that He had spoken of taking of rest in sleep." Christ
represents death as a sleep to His believing children. Their life is hid with Christ in
God, and until the last trump shall sound those who die will sleep in Him.
"Then said Jesus unto them plainly, Lazarus is dead. And I am glad for your sakes
that I was not there, to the intent ye may believe; nevertheless let us go unto him."
Thomas could see nothing but death in store for his Master if he went to Judea; but he
girded up his spirit, and said to the other disciples, "Let us also go, that we may
die with Him." He knew the hatred of the Jews toward Christ. It was their
purpose to compass His death, but this purpose had not succeeded, because some of His
allotted time still remained. During this time Jesus had the guardianship of heavenly
angels; and even in the regions of Judea, where the rabbis were plotting how they might
take Him and put Him to death, no harm could come to Him.
The disciples marveled at Christ's words when He said, "Lazarus is dead. And I am
glad . . . that I was not there." Did the Saviour by His own choice avoid the home of
His suffering friends? Apparently Mary and Martha and the dying Lazarus were left alone.
But they were not alone. Christ beheld the whole scene, and after the death of Lazarus the
bereaved sisters were upheld by His grace. Jesus witnessed the sorrow of their rent
hearts, as their brother wrestled with his strong foe, death. He felt every pang of
anguish, as He said to His disciples, "Lazarus is dead." But Christ had not only
the loved ones at Bethany to think of; He had the training of His disciples to consider.
They were to be His representatives to the world, that the Father's blessing might embrace
all. For their sake He permitted Lazarus to die. Had He restored him from illness to
health, the miracle that is the most positive evidence of His divine character, would not
have been performed.
Had Christ been in the sickroom, Lazarus would not have died; for Satan would have had no
power over him. Death could not have aimed his dart at Lazarus in the presence of the
Life-giver. Therefore Christ remained away. He suffered the enemy to exercise his power,
that He might drive him back, a conquered foe. He permitted Lazarus to pass under the
dominion of death; and the suffering sisters saw their brother laid in the grave. Christ
knew that as they looked on the dead face of their brother their faith in their Redeemer
would be severely tried. But He knew that because of the struggle through which they were
now passing their faith would shine forth with far greater power. He suffered every pang
of sorrow that they endured. He loved them no less because He tarried; but He knew that
for them, for Lazarus, for Himself, and for His disciples, a victory was to be gained.
"For your sakes," "to the intent ye may believe." To all who are
reaching out to feel the guiding hand of God, the moment of greatest discouragement is the
time when divine help is nearest. They will look back with thankfulness upon the darkest
part of their way. "The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly," 2 Peter 2:9.
From every temptation and every trial He will bring them forth with firmer faith and a
In delaying to come to Lazarus, Christ had a purpose of mercy toward those who had not
received Him. He tarried, that by raising Lazarus from the dead He might give to His
stubborn, unbelieving people another evidence that He was indeed "the resurrection,
and the life." He was loath to give up all hope of the people, the poor, wandering
sheep of the house of Israel. His heart was breaking because of their impenitence. In His
mercy He purposed to give them one more evidence that He was the Restorer, the One who
alone could bring life and immortality to light. This was to be an evidence that the
priests could not misinterpret. This was the reason of His delay in going to Bethany. This
crowning miracle, the raising of Lazarus, was to set the seal of God on His work and on
His claim to divinity.
On His journey to Bethany, Jesus, according to His custom, ministered to the sick and the
needy. Upon reaching the town He sent a messenger to the sisters with the tidings of His
arrival. Christ did not at once enter the house, but remained in a quiet place by the
wayside. The great outward display observed by the Jews at the death of friends or
relatives was not in harmony with the spirit of Christ. He heard the sound of wailing from
the hired mourners, and He did not wish to meet the sisters in the scene of confusion.
Among the mourning friends were relatives of the family, some of whom held high positions
of responsibility in Jerusalem. Among these were some of Christ's bitterest enemies.
Christ knew their purposes, and therefore He did not at once make Himself known.
The message was given to Martha so quietly that others in the room did not hear. Absorbed
in her grief, Mary did not hear the words. Rising at once, Martha went out to meet her
Lord, but thinking that she had gone to the place where Lazarus was buried, Mary sat still
in her sorrow, making no outcry.
Martha hastened to meet Jesus, her heart agitated by conflicting emotions. In His
expressive face she read the same tenderness and love that had always been there. Her
confidence in Him was unbroken, but she thought of her dearly loved brother, whom Jesus
also had loved. With grief surging in her heart because Christ had not come before, yet
with hope that even now He would do something to comfort them, she said, "Lord, if
Thou hadst been here, my brother had not died." Over and over again, amid the tumult
made by the mourners, the sisters had repeated these words.
With human and divine pity Jesus looked into her sorrowful, careworn
face. Martha had no inclination to recount the past; all was expressed by the pathetic
words, "Lord, if Thou hadst been here, my brother had not died." But looking
into that face of love, she added, "I know, that even now, whatsoever Thou wilt ask
of God, God will give it Thee."
Jesus encouraged her faith, saying, "Thy brother shall rise again." His answer
was not intended to inspire hope of an immediate change. He carried Martha's thoughts
beyond the present restoration of her brother, and fixed them upon the resurrection of the
just. This He did that she might see in the resurrection of Lazarus a pledge of the
resurrection of all the righteous dead, and an assurance that it would be accomplished by
the Saviour's power.
Martha answered, "I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last
Still seeking to give a true direction to her faith, Jesus declared, "I am the
resurrection, and the life." In Christ is life, original, unborrowed, underived.
"He that hath the Son hath life." 1 John 5:12. The divinity of Christ is the
believer's assurance of eternal life. "He that believeth in Me," said Jesus,
"though he were dead, yet shall he live: and whosoever liveth and believeth in Me
shall never die. Believest thou this?" Christ here looks forward to the time of His
second coming. Then the righteous dead shall be raised incorruptible, and the living
righteous shall be translated to heaven without seeing death. The miracle which Christ was
about to perform, in raising Lazarus from the dead, would represent the resurrection of
all the righteous dead. By His word and His works He declared Himself the Author of the
resurrection. He who Himself was soon to die upon the cross stood with the keys of death,
a conqueror of the grave, and asserted His right and power to give eternal life.
To the Saviour's words, "Believest thou?" Martha responded, "Yea, Lord: I
believe that Thou art the Christ, the Son of God, which should come into the world."
She did not comprehend in all their significance the words spoken by Christ, but she
confessed her faith in His divinity, and her confidence that He was able to perform
whatever it pleased Him to do.
"And when she had so said, she went her way, and called Mary her sister secretly,
saying, The Master is come, and calleth for thee." She delivered her message as
quietly as possible; for the priests and rulers were prepared to arrest Jesus when
opportunity offered. The cries of the mourners prevented her words from being heard.
On hearing the message, Mary rose hastily, and with an eager look on her face left the
room. Thinking that she had gone to the grave to weep, the mourners followed her. When she
reached the place where Jesus was waiting, she knelt at His feet, and said with quivering
lips, "Lord, if Thou hadst been here, my brother had not died." The cries of the
mourners were painful to her; for she longed for a few quiet words alone with Jesus. But
she knew of the envy and jealousy cherished in the hearts of some present against Christ,
and she was restrained from fully expressing her grief.
"When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping which came with her,
He groaned in the spirit, and was troubled." He read the hearts of all assembled. He
saw that with many, what passed as a demonstration of grief was only pretense. He knew
that some in the company, now manifesting hypocritical sorrow, would erelong be planning
the death, not only of the mighty miracle worker, but of the one to be raised from the
dead. Christ could have stripped from them their robe of pretended sorrow. But He
restrained His righteous indignation. The words He could in all truth have spoken, He did
not speak, because of the loved one kneeling at His feet in sorrow, who truly believed in
"Where have ye laid him?" He asked, "They said unto Him, Lord, come and
see." Together they proceeded to the grave. It was a mournful scene. Lazarus had been
much beloved, and his sisters wept for him with breaking hearts, while those who had been
his friends mingled their tears with those of the bereaved sisters. In view of this human
distress, and of the fact that the afflicted friends could mourn over the dead while the
Saviour of the world stood by,--"Jesus wept." Though He was the Son of God, yet
He had taken human nature upon Him, and He was moved by human sorrow. His tender, pitying
heart is ever awakened to sympathy by suffering. He weeps with those that weep, and
rejoices with those that rejoice.
But it was not only because of His human sympathy with Mary and Martha that Jesus wept. In
His tears there was a sorrow as high above human sorrow as the heavens are higher than the
earth. Christ did not weep for Lazarus; for He was about to call him from the grave. He
wept because many of those now mourning for Lazarus would soon plan the death of Him who
was the resurrection and the life. But how unable were the unbelieving Jews rightly to
interpret His tears! Some, who
could see nothing more than the outward circumstances of the scene before Him as a cause
for His grief, said softly, "Behold how He loved him!" Others, seeking to drop
the seed of unbelief into the hearts of those present, said derisively, "Could not
this Man, which opened the eyes of the blind, have caused that even this man should not
have died?" If it were in Christ's power to save Lazarus, why then did He suffer him
With prophetic eye Christ saw the enmity of the Pharisees and the Sadducees. He knew that
they were premeditating His death. He knew that some of those now apparently so
sympathetic would soon close against themselves the door of hope and the gates of the city
of God. A scene was about to take place, in His humiliation and crucifixion, that would
result in the destruction of Jerusalem, and at that time none would make lamentation for
the dead. The retribution that was coming upon Jerusalem was plainly portrayed before Him.
He saw Jerusalem compassed by the Roman legions. He knew that many now weeping for Lazarus
would die in the siege of the city, and in their death there would be no hope.
It was not only because of the scene before Him that Christ wept. The weight of the grief
of ages was upon Him. He saw the terrible effects of the transgression of God's law. He
saw that in the history of the world, beginning with the death of Abel, the conflict
between good and evil had been unceasing. Looking down the years to come, He saw the
suffering and sorrow, tears and death, that were to be the lot of men. His heart was
pierced with the pain of the human family of all ages and in all lands. The woes of the
sinful race were heavy upon His soul, and the fountain of His tears was broken up as He
longed to relieve all their distress.
"Jesus therefore again groaning in Himself cometh to the grave." Lazarus had
been laid in a cave in a rock, and a massive stone had been placed before the entrance.
"Take ye away the stone," Christ said. Thinking that He only wished to look upon
the dead, Martha objected, saying that the body had been buried four days, and corruption
had already begun its work. This statement, made before the raising of Lazarus, left no
room for Christ's enemies to say that a deception had been practiced. In the past the
Pharisees had circulated false statements regarding the most wonderful manifestations of
the power of God. When Christ raised to life the daughter of Jairus, He had said,
"The damsel is not dead, but sleepeth." Mark 5:39. As she had been sick only
a short time, and was raised immediately after death, the Pharisees declared that the
child had not been dead; that Christ Himself had said she was only asleep. They had tried
to make it appear that Christ could not cure disease, that there was foul play about His
miracles. But in this case, none could deny that Lazarus was dead.
When the Lord is about to do a work, Satan moves upon someone to object. "Take ye
away the stone," Christ said. As far as possible, prepare the way for My work. But
Martha's positive and ambitious nature asserted itself. She was unwilling that the
decomposing body should be brought to view. The human heart is slow to understand Christ's
words, and Martha's faith had not grasped the true meaning of His promise.
Christ reproved Martha, but His words were spoken with the utmost gentleness. "Said I
not unto thee, that, if thou wouldest believe, thou shouldest see the glory of God?"
Why should you doubt in regard to My power? Why reason in opposition to My requirements?
You have My word. If you will believe, you shall see the glory of God. Natural
impossibilities cannot prevent the work of the Omnipotent One. Skepticism and unbelief are
not humility. Implicit belief in Christ's word is true humility, true self-surrender.
"Take ye away the stone." Christ could have commanded the stone to remove, and
it would have obeyed His voice. He could have bidden the angels who were close by His side
to do this. At His bidding, invisible hands would have removed the stone. But it was to be
taken away by human hands. Thus Christ would show that humanity is to co-operate with
divinity. What human power can do divine power is not summoned to do. God does not
dispense with man's aid. He strengthens him, co-operating with him as he uses the powers
and capabilities given him.
The command is obeyed. The stone is rolled away. Everything is done openly and
deliberately. All are given a chance to see that no deception is practiced. There lies the
body of Lazarus in its rocky grave, cold and silent in death. The cries of the mourners
are hushed. Surprised and expectant, the company stand around the sepulcher, waiting to
see what is to follow.
Calmly Christ stands before the tomb. A sacred solemnity rests upon all present. Christ
steps closer to the sepulcher. Lifting His eyes to heaven, He says, "Father, I thank
Thee that Thou hast heard Me." Not long before this, Christ's enemies had accused Him
of blasphemy, and had taken up stones to cast at Him because He claimed to be the Son of
God. They accused Him of performing miracles by the power of Satan. But here Christ claims
God as His Father, and with perfect confidence declares that He is the Son of God.
In all that He did, Christ was co-operating with His Father. Ever He had been careful to
make it evident that He did not work independently; it was by faith and prayer that He
wrought His miracles. Christ desired all to know His relationship with His Father.
"Father," He said, "I thank Thee that Thou hast heard Me. And I knew that
Thou hearest Me always: but because of the people which stand by I said it, that they may
believe that Thou hast sent Me." Here the disciples and the people were to be given
the most convincing evidence in regard to the relationship existing between Christ and
God. They were to be shown that Christ's claim was not a deception.
"And when He thus had spoken, He cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth."
His voice, clear and penetrating, pierces the ear of the dead. As He speaks, divinity
flashes through humanity. In His face, which is lighted up by the glory of God, the people
see the assurance of His power. Every eye is fastened on the entrance to the cave. Every
ear is bent to catch the slightest sound. With intense and painful interest all wait for
the test of Christ's divinity, the evidence that is to substantiate His claim to be the
Son of God, or to extinguish the hope forever.
There is a stir in the silent tomb, and he who was dead stands at the door of the
sepulcher. His movements are impeded by the graveclothes in which he was laid away, and
Christ says to the astonished spectators, "Loose him, and let him go." Again
they are shown that the human worker is to co-operate with God. Humanity is to work for
humanity. Lazarus is set free, and stands before the company, not as one emaciated from
disease, and with feeble, tottering limbs, but as a man in the prime of life, and in the
vigor of a noble manhood. His eyes beam with intelligence and with love for his Saviour.
He casts himself in adoration at the feet of Jesus.
The beholders are at first speechless with amazement. Then there follows an inexpressible
scene of rejoicing and thanksgiving. The sisters receive their brother back to life as the
gift of God, and with joyful tears they brokenly express their thanks to the Saviour. But
while brother, sisters, and friends are rejoicing in this reunion, Jesus withdraws from
the scene. When they look for the Life-giver, He is not to be found.
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